Hangeul also spelled Hangul is the alphabetic system used to write the Korean language. This writing system consists of 24 letters, including 14 consonants and 10 vowels. Consonant characters are formed with curved or angular lines. Vowels are composed of straight vertical or horizontal lines as well as short lines on either side of the main line.
Hangeul 한글 is the official alphabet of South Korea. It was established in 1443 by King Sejong the Great with the aim of promoting literacy and making it easier to write the Korean language.
Before the introduction of Hangeul, Koreans used Chinese characters to write their language. However, Chinese characters were difficult to learn and use for people who had not been trained in Chinese, which limited access to education and communication for the majority of the population.
So King Sejong commissioned a group of scholars to create an easier-to-learn and easier-to-use alphabet for writing Korean. They thus created hangeul, which consists of 14 consonants and 10 vowels. The alphabet is unique in that it is based on the shape of the mouth when speaking sounds, rather than the shape of Chinese characters.
How it works?
Hangeul consists of 14 consonants and 10 vowels, which means there are 24 or letters in total. Since all words in Korean are made up of syllables, let's take a look at the basic rules:
- A syllable always begins with a consonant
- A syllable has at least one consonant and one vowel
- Each syllable is in the form of a square
- The maximum number of letters is 5 per syllable